Series Four Volume 2

Buddhism and Superstition: Buddhist Apologetics in the Anti-Superstition Campaigns in Modern China

The paper shows that Buddhist authors actively engaged with these new discourses to articulate their actual beliefs and practices. Differentiating the Buddhist “true faith” (zhengxin 正信) from “deluded faith” (mixin 迷 信), they tried to defend Buddhism from the accusation of spread- ing superstition. To promote the relevance of Buddhism in public life, they advocated for Buddhism’s role in advancing education and social welfare.